You know you're having a terrific day when you go out into muddy
 pastures and come back in with both boots still on!



Autumn Barnyard Hints for the Farm

    In The Barn

  • Ready For Winter -
         Disconnect and drain hoses so they don't freeze.
         Install any protective curtains on doors or sheds for winter.
         Wash and ready all llama and cria coats.

  • Unsuspected Hazards -
         In a nice, warm medical room, a cria stuck his head in the U shaped loop under
         the sink, trapping him and causing strangulation. He didn't know to pull his head
         up and out. This type of injury has also happened out in the pastures in low forks
         of trees that just happen to be the right size.

  • Hay Bag Safety -
         Hay bags are useful if used only with supervision. Animals can get their heads into
         the mesh hay bags and as they eat the hay, the bag then can become tangled
         around their neck. Some have even gotten their legs in them. The heavy vinyl hay
         bags are somewhat better, but the same danger is there. As the animals eat the
         hay, they stick their head in further and further and sometimes become stuck or
         tangled. Never use hay bags in the trailer when traveling ... just put the hay on the
         floor. And if you use hay bags at a show, stuff the bags as full as possible before
         leaving for the night. Hay bags are not recommended for everyday use on the farm.

  • Baling Twine -
         Twine from the hay bales has often caused injuries, sometimes deaths.  One llama
         owner tells of the twine getting wrapped around the llama's neck and the llama
         broke her neck trying to get loose.  Baline twine can also cause obstructions when
         llamas swallow the twine.
  • Storing Hay -
         If storing hay in the loft of the barn, don't put bales close to the edge.  They have
         been known to fall on animals and cause death.

    Llama Care

  • Vitamin A & D -
         Time to consider if you're in an area that needs to give Vitamin A&D to crias
         during the months of October through May due to lack of sun.  Prevent rickets.

  • Collecting Urine Samples -
         Create a cup-on-a-stick. Attach a jar or cup to a broom stick or some other long
         pole using a hose clamp (the kind they use in car engines). The cup fits securely in
         the clamp and keeps it upright. Hang out quietly in the "pile area" and when your
         subject takes their turn, you can slowly extend the cup-on-a-stick to a position to
         catch the urine.

    In The Barnyard

  • Large, Round Hay Bales -
         When using these large hay bales, put them up on a pallet off the ground. Slugs,
         snails, and other creatures can winter very well in the warmth under the large bales.
         It can be a possible haven for the snail that carries Meningeal Worm, a deadly
         parasite to the llama.

         Further caution has been suggested for using the large round hay bales. The large
         bale can become dangerous to small stock or crias when the bales collapse or topple
         over as the animals eat on them and unbalance the heavy bale. Also several
         instances of botulism (due to dampness in the bales) have been reported in llama
         herds and also with other livestock. On the other hand, many farms use the large
         bales consistently with no problems. Proper baling is imperative.

  • Bungee Cords -
         Injuries can happen when you least expect them. Use caution as to where to use
         bungee cords. They can break or just snap loose with such a force it can cause
         injury. If just left hanging within reach of the animals, they tend to play with them.
         This situation is also capable of causing severe injury when the hook catches on the
         animal and springs back.

  • Extra Gates -
         Don't leave extra gates or panels just leaning up against the fence or wall of the
         barn. Curious or pushing animals can knock the gates over causing serious injury
         or death to another animal. Take extra care to secure all items that can possibly tip
         over .

          In The Pastures

  • Gates & Openings -
         The distance between the opening end of the gate and the fence post, or the distance
         between two gates as they meet, is crucial and can eliminate a possible death. The
         animal sticks its head through this opening pushing against the gate and making
         the opening larger. When it pulls its head back to get out, the gate tightens up and
         traps the animal's neck possibly causing strangulation. The more the animal pulls
         and struggles, the tighter the gate becomes. Allow no bigger opening than a couple
         of inches so the animal can't get its head in there in the first place.

  • Extra Gates -
         Don't leave extra gates or panels just leaning up against the fence or wall of the
         barn. Curious or pushing animals can knock the gates over causing serious injury
         or death to another animal. Take extra care to secure all items that can possibly tip
         over .

  • Fencing -
         No fencing is 100% safe, but numerous tragic deaths have been reported due to
         electric wire fencing.

  • Holes & Ditches -
         Periodically you should walk your pastures looking for holes.  Sunken areas and
         holes mysteriously appear in the pastures from time to time. Sometimes mole
         tunnels may be the cause. These are often the causes of leg injuries and sprains to
         the animals.
         Ditches and even some deeper dust bowls can cause the animal to be trapped in an
         upside down position when rolling. Rumen gasses then build up - perhaps causing
         death. Read these unfortunate situations.

  • Halters -
         Always remove halters from your animals when they are loose in the pasture or the
         barn area. There have been reports of the halter accidently getting caught on
         something and causing injury to the animal.

  • Coyotes -
         You'll probably hear the coyotes howling at night this time of year .... most likely
         calling to their mates and establishing territorial boundaries. Although coyotes are
         a feared predator of llama herds, we know of no actual coyote attack on llamas.
         Most attacks, maybe originally assumed to be a coyote, turn out to be the
         neighbor's dog or dogs just running loose. Dogs, either alone or in a group, will go
         for the rear quarters of the llama and viciously rip it apart. A coyote normally
         attacks the neck. Coyotes prefer small rodents, rabbits, and birds and will possibly
         raid your hen house. They also are extremely territorial and will keep other coyotes
         away. Read a little more about this interesting villain of many folk tales ...... the


  • Meningeal Worm -
         Most cases of meningeal worm are diagnosed in the fall and winter. If you live in a
         White Tail Deer area, keep up those Ivermec or Dectomax shots as a preventative
         for meningeal worm. Symptoms can include, but are not limited to, staggering,
         shaking, legs crossing over, head tilting, circling, weakness, loss of appetite, and
         shivering. Treat immediately. As a preventative, deworm monthly with Ivermec. At
         least until a good, heavy frost.
         To complete your M-Worm prevention program, consider free roaming Muscovy
         Ducks or Egyptian Geese. They'll eat a large percentage of the garden slugs that
         carry the parasite.

  • Males Sharing Pastures -
         When putting a male back into a pasture with his other male pasture-mates, to
         avoid him (and you) possibly getting rammed, take all the males out of the pasture
         for a few minutes. Then bring the one and also the entire group back in all together.
         Now they are all on equal terms. Probably no fights.

  • Burning Leaves & Brush -
         Fence your burn piles!  Llamas have been known to walk though ashes and remains
         of burn piles and burn their feet. And they also will roll in the hot ashes - love that


Laws Of Farming

How come........?

The more complex the part to repair the tractor is, the greater the
chance that you will get the new employee who is working his first day
at the parts order counter.

Return To Barnyard Hints Or....
Spring Barnyard Hints
Spring On
The Farm
Summer Barnyard Hints
Summer On
The Farm
Autumn Barnyard Hints
Autumn On
The Farm
Winter Barnyard Hints
Winter On
The Farm

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